Also known as Atopic Allergies, are caused by environmental factors in the home or outside. Seasonal Inhalent Allergies can include tree pollens, grass pollens, weed pollens, molds, mildew, and the house dust mite.
Symptoms on Inhalent Allergies can include, but are not limited to:
- Chewing on Feet - Ear Infections
- Rubbing Face on Carpet - Hair Loss
- Scratching Body - Mutilated Skin
Allergies can make your pet extremely uncomfortable, they will try to alleviate the symptoms by grooming and scratching excessively. This could lead to a secondary infection of the skin. Cats with allergies usually scratch or lick a lot. They may even have some Respiratory Symptoms. If it is a seasonal allergy, the itching may last for just a few weeks at a time during certain times of the year. Unfortunately there is also the possibility that their allergies may be present year-round, which can lead to your cat scratching constantly.
Flea Allergy Dermatitis
Flea Allergy Dermatitis is also known as Flea Bite Hypersensitivity. As few as one or two flea cites can cause severe scratching of the skin which can result in hair loss or scabs. Flea control and prevention is essential for pets with flea bite hypersensitivity. If you have a pet that is allergic to fleas, (Fun Fact: your pet is actually allergic to the Saliva of the flea) they may require treatment with antihistamines or steroids to relieve the itching. Antibiotics may also be necessary to treat bacterial infections. Flea dirt is flea feces. It is made up of the blood the flea has sucked out of your pet. If you see flea dirt, your pet has fleas.
General Symptoms of feline asthma include:
- Coughing and Wheezing
- Persistent Cough
- Squatting with shoulders hunched and neck extended
- Rapid Breathing
- Gagging up foamy mucous
- Open mouth breathing
- Blue lips and gums
- Labored Breathing after exertion
- weakness and lethargy
Feline Asthma may cause mucous in the airways, leading to fits of coughing and wheezing. Cats with mild cases only experience a slight, chronic cough. Feline Asthma is the chronic inflammation of the small passageways of a cats lungs. When an asthma attack occurs, these passageways thicken and constrict, making it very difficult for the cat to breathe.
Some things that may cause asthma in felines are:
- Allergens - pollen, mold, dust, cigarette smoke, perfume
- Pre-existing heart conditions
- Extreme Stress
Asthma in cats usually develops between the ages of two and eight years. There is also a higher occurrence in female cats than in males.
If your pet is suffering from food allergies, you will notice that in dogs, their ears, face, feet, and rear may be more severely affected. In cats, it usually affects the face and neck. They also tend to scratch themselves until they bleed. This can cause hair loss.
Common signs of food allergies are:
- Non-seasonal itching
The component of the food that the animal often reacts to is the protein. Most common proteins in your pets food include Beef, Chicken, Fish, Egg, Dairy, Soy, Corn, Wheat, and Rice. The other components included in pet food are preservatives, additives, and dyes.
The only way to successfully diagnose your pet as having a Food Allergy is with a Food Elimination Trial. The restrictive diet must be given for 6 to 8 weeks for results to be accurate.